A minimum of 26 Nigerian women die daily as a result of cervical cancer, said a radiologist, Ifeoma Okoye, the Founder of Breast Without Spot, BWS Initiative, a non-governmental organisation. “We conducted a survey and discovered that cervical cancer is the second killer cancer among women and Nigeria is also the tenth in cervical cancer death worldwide,” she said.
Based on the this report, it has become more necessary than ever to bring you some information on cervical cancer culled from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health, America.
The cervix is part of a woman’s reproductive system. It’s in the pelvis. The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb).
The cervix is a passageway:
Cancer begins in cells, the building blocks that make up tissues. Tissues make up the cervix and other organs of the body.
Normal cervical cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. When normal cells grow old or get damaged, they die, and new cells take their place.
Sometimes, this process goes wrong. New cells form when the body does not need them, and old or damaged cells do not die as they should. The buildup of extra cells often forms a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor.
Growths on the cervix can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer):
Cervical cancer begins in cells on the surface of the cervix. Over time, the cervical cancer can invade more deeply into the cervix and nearby tissues.
Cervical cancer cells can spread by breaking away from the cervical tumor. They can travel through lymph vessels to nearby lymph nodes. Also, cancer cells can spread through the blood vessels to the lungs, liver, or bones.
When you get a diagnosis of cervical cancer, it’s natural to wonder what may have caused the disease. Doctors usually can’t explain why one woman develops cervical cancer and another doesn’t.
However, we do know that a woman with certain risk factors may be more likely than other women to develop cervical cancer. A risk factor is something that may increase the chance of developing a disease.
Studies have found that infection with the virus called HPV is the cause of almost all cervical cancers. Most adults have been infected with HPV at some time in their lives, but most infections clear up on their own. An HPV infection that doesn’t go away can cause cervical cancer in some women. The NCI fact sheet HPV and Cancer has more information.
Other risk factors, such as smoking, can act to increase the risk of cervical cancer among women infected with HPV even more. The NCI booklet Understanding Cervical Changes describes other risk factors for cervical cancer.
A woman’s risk of cervical cancer can be reduced by getting regular cervical cancer screening tests. If abnormal cervical cell changes are found early, cancer can be prevented by removing or killing the changed cells before they become cancer cells.
Another way a woman can reduce her risk of cervical cancer is by getting an HPV vaccine before becoming sexually active (between the ages of 9 and 26). Even women who get an HPV vaccine need regular cervical cancer screening tests.
Early cervical cancers usually don’t cause symptoms. When the cancer grows larger, women may notice abnormal vaginal bleeding:
Women may also notice…
Cervical cancer, infections, or other health problems may cause these symptoms. A woman with any of these symptoms should tell her doctor so that problems can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.
If you have symptoms of cervical cancer, your doctor will try to find out what’s causing the problems. You may have the following tests:
A pathologist checks the tissue under a microscope for cancer cells. In most cases, a biopsy is the only sure way to tell whether cancer is present.
Removing tissue from the cervix may cause some bleeding or other discharge. The area usually heals quickly. Some women also feel some pain similar to menstrual cramps. Your doctor can suggest medicine that will help relieve any pain.
Culled from the National Cancer Institute
Tags: cancer, cervix cancer
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Dis good..am more informd again
Thanks for always keeping us informed
jeez, its always frightening reading these things, thanks though. Also there is a 3 dose vaccine for cervical cancer
Thanks for d information.
Hmmm! Still trying to digest all. Thanks MIM
Good information. Thanks MIM
Such a nice piece. Tnx MIS.
Tnx MIM, hw often should the cervicval cancer screening test be done? @mrs Adaobi, pls where can one get this 3 dose vaccine u talked of?
THANKS MISM. LEARNING
Every woman shuld read this! Tnx mim
This is really scary
Thanks for this healthy tips
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